Sunday, April 15, 2018

A Walking Dead Theology


AMC's controversial television show, The Walking Dead (based on the popular graphic novel), is a series worth discussing, especially within the Christian community. Sadly, this show has largely been ignored or dismissed by Christians, perhaps due to its graphic violence and mature content. In much the same way as Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ, many people cannot bring themselves to watch The Walking Dead. But like The Passion, The Walking Dead (TWD) has important theological ideas to share, even as those ideas are enveloped in graphic brutality. 

To the outside observer, TWD is just a show about zombies. But to even the most fledgling fan, it's a show about humanity. The zombies, or "walkers," simply provide a disastrous backdrop for a more important topic: the inner soul of humanity. TWD is meant to prod deep questions about human beings, such as what it is that makes people truly 'human,' how violence affects humanity, what it means to stay united in a world without law, and more. The zombies are only a vehicle to this end ... they are the apocalyptic impetus that forces humanity to examine its inmost being. In a world of utter survival, the protagonists (and antagonists) must decide what they must do to stay alive, and how (or if) to stay human in that process.

There are many themes throughout TWD that have deep, theological implications. While this blog is not meant to be exhaustive in any way, its purpose is to point to several important theological themes that have run throughout the series.



WHAT IT MEANS TO BE HUMAN
Rick Grimes, flawed leader and faithful protector

TWD has, from its first episode, wrestled with the question of what it means to be human. In a world overrun by 'the walking dead,' those who have remained alive must fight for survival. Safety is never guaranteed and trust is at a premium. Finding more people to partner with means survival, but always close at hand are the issues of power and corruption. Who makes decisions for the whole? Who can be trusted? If someone is a threat, are they to be killed or sent away to survive alone? As the series continues, the main protagonists (led by police officer Rick Grimes) find that survival means letting others into their group ... allowing trust to develop ... and fighting together to stay alive.






VIOLENCE AFFECTS HUMANITY IN NEGATIVE WAYS
Carol Peletier, moral compass and voice of reason
At times, TWD is a brutal show to watch. Zombies are killed in very graphic ways, as well as other living humans who pose a threat to the group's survival. But it's in these pull-no-punches visuals that the viewer can see humanity for what it really is: sinful. The show, as stated before, is meant to examine the inner soul of humanity. That soul, as in real life, is broken and scarred. When pushed to the edges of our common limits, humanity will react in very inhuman ways. This reality prompts the metaphoric use of the show's title: The Walking Dead. Are the zombies the "walking dead" ... or are those still alive the real "walking dead"? Robbed of what makes them human, the answer is that those still alive are the true walking dead.
The violence seen in TWD, though graphic, is also redemptive. Main characters such as Carol Peletier and Morgan Jones have displayed how killing both dead and living takes its toll, and makes a person less than human. Their hell is to live with the fact that they've had to kill to stay alive. They want a different reality, but are unable to find one. Their task now is to make the most humane choices possible in a very violent world. The violence on TWD is typically not glorified, but rather is meant to examine the harsh effects of living in a world of chaos and brokenness.



WE ARE BETTER TOGETHER
A band of brothers and sisters along a very long, hard road

Another vital theme running throughout TWD is that others make a group stronger. Early into the show, Rick, Glenn, Daryl, and the rest were resistant to let anyone else join their small group. They had finally found trust and didn't want to compromise it. However, as the group fled to an abandoned prison in season three, they found that they needed more people to help them in their quest for survival. Adversaries began to arise, and to remain closed off to outsiders was no longer an option. In our world, as in TWD, many live in suspicion of 'the other,' whether that other is a person of a different creed, race, or ethnicity. In TWD, those suspicions are amplified to highlight how truly fear-filled humanity can be. In the end, the group is better—and stronger—when they are united together.



PEACE IS THE WAY TO SURVIVAL
Carl Grimes, brave and compassionate truth-teller

(Spoiler alert) In its eight season, main character Carl Grimes dies of a zombie bite. While this kind of infection has wiped out many characters before him, Carl's death occurred because he was out in the woods attempting to help a stranger. Carl became a metaphor for the best that humanity could still be, even in an apocalyptic wasteland. Just before his death, Carl leaves notes to his father and friends, even to main antagonist Negan. These notes reveal a timeless truth: that peace is the only way forward for humanity to truly live. In essence, TWD is making the profound point that violence doesn't have to be the way humanity survives (in an apocalyptic world or in our own). It's only the chosen method, because too many have abused power and influence. As season eight closes, it's clear the deeper message is that forgiveness and peace will be the only way forward if the world is to be fair and just. Only those left alive can make the decision to choose that future.



If you haven't watched TWD before, it may or may not be your cup of tea. If you're not a fan of graphic horror films, then it's probably not for you. But just because a show can be easily dismissed doesn't mean it's void of meaningful value. For all of its violence and brutality, TWD will surely be documented as one of the great morality plays of our time, giving us much to ponder about our own broken reality.

Friday, March 23, 2018

What Happened to Sunday?

So what happened to Sunday?

As a Lutheran pastor, I often find myself in conversations revolving around this question. In essence, the question being asked is why there is a void of younger people in church on Sundays.

There's not an easy answer to this question, because young people are in churches on Sundays, though not often in the same kinds of churches as those asking this question.

A deeper, related question is this: Why are churches that have existed for more than 100 years closing their doors now (in the 2000s and 2010s)? This is the question I am wrestling with most these days.

Let me share a few observations I've come to conclude about this complex issue:
  • We live in a much different world today than in decades past. While some things never seem to change, many things have. Our world, and societal values, have shifted significantly. Religious attitudes have also changed. More and more people now claim "none" as their religious affiliation. In fact, the Pew Research Center found that, as of 2014, 23% of adults in the U.S. now describe themselves as atheists, agnostics or “nothing in particular.”1 Many adults who were raised in the Catholic, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Methodist, or Episcopal faith traditions are disaffiliating from those traditions, choosing now to claim a title of "spiritual" or simply "none" at all. Some of this disaffiliation from the church can be traced to increased skepticism in an institution that once claimed a moral authority, but has, in recent decades, been embroiled in many monetary and sexual scandals.

  •  We live in a consumer culture. Almost every city in America has a Walmart ... and a McDonalds ... and multiple grocery stores. Many have the competitors as well ... Target, Lowes, Home Depot, Big Lots, Best Buy, Panera, Applebee's, Burger King, Wendy's, Taco Bell, Aldi, Starbucks, and on and on. We have a plethora of options for our shopping and dining needs. This fact has led us to consume church in the same way. A person today can be extremely selective as to which store (online or physical) has the most options at the best prices. Churches are now selected in a similar manner. Many people want an optimal service time, a preferred musical style, a relevant and topical sermon, a coffee bar, and a great environment for children—all in one church. And most people can find this very kind of church in their city. The churches that cater to all of these preferences are the ones growing and thriving today. Older churches with less resources simply can't compete (and yes, sadly, it has become a kind of competition).

  • Sundays are now as busy as any other day of the week. This wasn't the case a couple of decades ago. Sundays were, even in the 1980s, still considered generally sacred by most people. That meant that the center of a community's activity, on Sunday, was the church. It was the place where one would go to see friends and colleagues...and to be seen by friends and colleagues. There was more of a societal expectation to attend church. Similarly, most businesses were closed on Sundays and youth sporting events were confined to weekdays and Saturdays. This is not the case today. There are many competing options for peoples' time, even on Sundays. And when a parent or grandparent has to choose between going to church or seeing their little one play soccer or baseball, guess which one wins the day?

  • There is also a generational divide that still exists, perhaps more prominently than in decades past. Blame it on a digital technology gap ... blame it on changing societal and political attitudes ... blame it on whatever. What is hard to overcome is that younger people are often attracted to different styles of church worship than their parents or grandparents. And people also tend to migrate to people within their age bracket. That means that younger people tend to go to the church with other younger people, and older people tend to go to the church with other older people. There may be nothing wrong with this generational divide, but it's a factor not to be overlooked.

I have heard and read about many mainline Protestant churches that are now closing their doors, due to a lack of persons and resources to keep their ministries going. This is often very sad. It is always hard when an institution, which has done so much good for a community, ceases to be. But behind the laments are the lingering questions of why. "Why did we have to close?" "What did we do wrong?"

The purpose of this blog is to provide some answer to those "why" questions. There are a myriad of reasons as to why a particular congregation closes, but typically these churches didn't do anything wrong. They just found themselves in the middle of a changing culture and were unable to adapt ... because adapting would have meant losing the very essence of who they were.

Is there any hope left for smaller, mainline Protestant churches?

I'm certain there is hope ... but the factors above need to be thoroughly discussed, too. Changes may need to be made. And finding a new normal, in terms of demographics and attendance expectations, will be necessary. But there is still hope—a house of worship is always a place of hope.

1 http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/09/14/the-factors-driving-the-growth-of-religious-nones-in-the-u-s/

Friday, November 10, 2017

Why Theology Matters

Certainly you've heard, or read, a statement like this:
“Well, they took God out of our schools and look around, look at what's happening...”
(See articles like http://www.forerunner.com/forerunner/X0098_Ban_on_school_prayer.html for more instances of this rhetoric.)

It's time to call this kind of language what it is: harmful. And it illustrates why theology matters.

Why is this kind of language harmful? It's not helpful, and even harmful, because it makes short-viewed assumptions ... and also makes God into an angry puppeteer whose actions are based on how good or bad all of us flawed humans behave.

My example: The recent mass shooting at First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas. You will hear no one make a similar absurd statement about the removal of God as the cause of this horrific incident. And yet, the violence and chaos of our world continues ... even in a house of Christian worship.

This is precisely why theology matters.

Theology (the study of the nature of God / how we speak about God) does matter. It matters because people are easily influenced, and statements such as the example above portray God in a misguided, harmful way. Statements such as "This is what happens when you take God out of [fill in the blank]" lead people to see God as that angry puppeteer. And, as the shooting at First Baptist Church show, these arguments don't hold up to reasoned logic.

Is God really the kind of Deity that allows shootings in schools and other places, all because prayer has become more regulated in public spaces? That's not the God I know. And I'm guessing it's not the God you know, either. May we all learn to speak of God with care and compassion, even as we question the darkness so prevalent in our world.